DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. OF THE SUPERINTENDENT rom for \ r c h f 1 9 2 u. MOOTHLY REPORT, 1920* LI ARCH TABLE 0? C0OT3SJTS. Page. I, General Conditions i II, Personnel 3 III, Work Completed 6 IV, Work in Progress 6 V. Work Begun. 7 VI, Plans or Proposed Work 7 VII, Policies 7 VIII, Cost of Operation.. 7 IX, Other Hatters of Interest.... 8 Wild Animals 8 Birds 11 Fishes 12 Seasonal Changes Arrests & Violations of Law 12 Forest Fires Accidents and Casualties,.. 12 Medical Services Natural Phenomena. Special Visitors 12 Motion Pictures 13 Miscellaneous . , 13 X, Receipts and Remittances 13 C . a . L . ? FICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. April 9 t 1920. Dear Sir: The following is ny report on conditions in Yellow- stone National Parte, and on the operation of the pane, for the month of :iarch, 1920: fl£»3!Al CONDITION: The most remarkable feature of the month* s weather was the cold wave of the 5th-6th, with a minimum temperature of 25 degrees beloer sero on the morning of the 6th. This is the lowest liaroh temperature on record daring 36 years; the previous lowest, -£4 degrees, was recorded in 1906* The temperature as a whole averaged 3 degrees below normal* The tots! snowfall was 20,0 inches, equal to 1 # 95 inches of water, or a little sore snow than for the average March, but a deficiency of ,23 inches of water* There were 17 days with a measurable amount of snowfall, and the record shows but one March with a greater number of days with snow, that being 18 days in 1907. The depth of snow on the ground at the end of the month, 18,6 inches, is the greatest in the March record except 24*5 inches in 1917. The total wind movement was slightly below Wf zm*, but the maximum velocity of 40 miles per hour recorded on the 30th has been exceeded but once in March, but it has been equaled three tiroes. The sunshine was deficient, being only 46;? of the possible. The monthly Meteorological swnary, furnished by the local U. S. leather Bureau, is inclosed. As a whole, the weather conditions that prevailed throughout the month were not favorable to the wild aninals, and the feeding of hay had to be kept up throughout the month. The following shows the depth of snow at various stations in the park at the en& of -arch. For comparison, ... column 2 gives the de th of sno.v at some of the stations en January 31, and eoltna 3 gives the esse data for March 21, 1917, a season that waa late and when there waa much diffi- culty in opening the roads in tirae for the beginning of the tourist season. It will be seen that the depth of snow in- oreaaed remarkably between January 51 and Uaroh 31, bat it happened that several inches of this fell daring the last days in Uareh and waa quite light when it waa measured, and this has settled a lot sinee the end of i'aroh. These figures indicate that the opening of the roads for tourist travel bob/ be expensive and difficult, although this depends largely the eendltions in pril; LflJa Hanger Station Snake liver Hanger station Sylvan aa» Ranger Station Soda Batte Ranger Station lower Falls Hanger Station Buffalo Fan Canyon Ranger station Harris Ranger Station Upper Basin Ranger station Riverside Hajsjer Station Yellowstone Gallatin Ranger Station (1» (2) (3j HMT. 64 iiu 54*5 in* 50 in. 73 ■ 49 ■ 5T * Wf * &2 ' 22 in. 29 ■ 20 in. 25 ■ u ■ 14.5 ■ 70 ■ 52 in. 54 ■ 20 in. 70 in. 70 ■ 45 ■ 60 • a> in. 46 54 ■ m ■ 48 ■ 69 19 ' 8«6 In. 24.5 ■ oo •* Gardiner Banger Station -tf JBBMbsV The road from Gardiner to Headquarters waa open for motor travel throughout the zaonth, and the road from Head- quarters to the northeast earner (Cootas City entrance) was open for pasaage of light vehicles dream by horses throughout the month. Otherwise the roads were blociced wltfc snow to an extent that they could not be used and travel waa practicable only on tikis or snowshoes. Kloven people entered the parte at the northern entrance, but these were principally en business to Mammoth and could hardly be classed as tourists* The Chief Banker's travel report is inclosed herewith. A few laborers and carpenters required by the Transportation Company and the Camps Company were secured in the immediate vioinity at the same wages as paid last year. About the only supplies needed was bay <*? feedlas? wild animals, which was delivered under a previous contract from Yakima, * ashix*arton, oo sting for baled alfalfa hay of first ouality 3U21 par ton delivered at Gardiner, I£ontana« Also a carload of oo&l for general use at Headquarters, which was purchased uader circular proposal for i$.35 par ton at the miss at Brldgar, Montana* which the bidder stated was sold at a loss to him, hat was the price fixed by the Owvera- ment* On Eareh 1st there were 55 smployees on duty trader this office in the park, and no ehaqge in number was naade during the month of &aroh. Below is given a Hat of the naraber of employees serving under appointment • with a general sta te- nant of the Kind of work pertained by each class: Jfc SXSMx Bnfl Of *QT% PtrftFWi» 1 Aast* £a&lneer Office eiglneesripg. <* 1 Blacksmith General blaokanith work* Shoe- trig draft animals asd rather saddle horses, said aver heal ing tools and equipment. 5 Clerics 1 disbursing agent and pur- chasing clerk; 1 on orders, pro- posals and vouchers; 1 stenogra- pher, files and revenues; 1 on payrolls end ttoekaeplog; 1 en cost accounting and in charge of storehouse* At edd aemnts clerks assisted Kasger Skinner in indaxiJg library, and tabu- lating notes on wild aclasis, birds, and other data relating to the establishment of the pro- posed museum* In charge of all transportation including shops and garage* 1 in charge of power plant who operated and did necessary line workf £ assi stents who operated regular shifts including Sundays. V Steward and faster of ^transportation. Electricians Ho . Class * 1 Buffalo Keeper 1 Asst. Bflo* Keeper 1 Foreman PVfNH In charge of tazae buffalo hard, feeding and earing for then, iatant to Buffalo Xeeper. In charge of stables, and spent iaost of nonth In shop repairing tents aaad harness for next eeasen f s wortc. 1 Lineaasn In charge construction work* oriaad ell month repairing and remodeling buildings at Head- quarters. vorked in storehouse issuing supplied to families and rangers, corrals, etc., and sorting oror, asking and straight- ening up storehouses* In charge ef telephone system* did emer- gency work and installed instruments. Also ran light truck hauling freight or eotares3 fro* Railroad to Headquarters when net otherwise ,/t 1 Master Mechanic H1~ 1 Attonobile Mechanic / I F lumber 1 Painter 1 l?eleigraph Operator 1 telephone Operator 1 Laborer Watchman at Headquarters. Made hourly patrols for fire at night 9 and leapt fires up and cleaned up Headquarters building, worked dally including Sun- days. On regular annual leave of absence. Worked on autacaobila and track repairs. In charge of general plumbing at Head- quarter a* Eesovatcd employees quarters at Head- qasr.ters. Sent and received v, estera Union tele- grarasj also put in regular shift as a switchboard operator, seren days a week. Operated telephone switchboard. Miscellaneous work at headquarters. On leave Z (noon) to 51 (noon). [fit* iiftM- 1 Chief Ranker la oharge of ranger force 3 Ant. Chief Happen ssisting Chief Raider. < One In charge of southern dletrlet; two assisting with feeding wild animals, 6 let elaes park rangers In charge of ranger stations* on duty In Chief Bangor f e Office, patrol duty In the park protecting wild animals, and feeding wild animals. 18 Park Hangers Ditto. ileo one on duty, protecting wild anlnals In Gallatin Game Reserve adjoining the park on the north. In addition to the regular employee* listed above, the fallowing were employed temporarily! Bngiacnsn, assisting with repairs to motor Tehiclee, Teamster, general work at Head- quarters, In stables, hauling supplies, etc., Petals, fcwTi ■ gr During .arch annaal leaves were granted as follows t !• J. lness, park ranger, 1st to 6th; 6 days* £• Ls Stinnett, master mechanic, 1st to 22nd; 19 days. W# Madison, laborer, 3 (noon) to 31 (noon); 24 days. . i Burney, -sst# engineer, 1st to 13th; 12 days* L. M. Mac Rae, Clerk, 1st to 9th; 6 days* . :i. Edwin, Clerk, 15th to 27th; II days. !• H# Pendell, Clerk, 16th to 20th; 5 days. C. 0. Lauer, Clerk, 6th and 13th; 2 days, a. P. Dustman, Park Ranger, 27th to 51st; 4 days. Chester a. Lindsley, Assistant Supt., 27th be 31st; 4 days* B. L# Stinnett, Master Mechanic, (without pay) 23rd to 31st; 9 days. John Delrcar, Steward & Master of £ran*>ortation, v 1690 per annum, effective March 16, 1920, terminating temporary appointment in same camacity. Separations. flhere were no separations from the service durli^ the month* 1 Assistant Chief Raider. III. WORK GQHftJKED. (a) gtanarMttm trf f hvilml Inasmuch as everything was on a winter basis, at construction work was engaged in daring the month. (b) ^V^TTHM! and liooair of ihyalaal Tw T fflf m Mtf the only work dona on ths roads daring tho month was slight repaire on tba Mamma th-Oardiner road, clearing out fallan rooks and draining off watar from malting snows. (o) IffiCTTOTffnlff tiY QftflQftiitofltri- No improvements wara completed hy eonoass lonsrs daring tha month, and tat little was in progress. (d) siolaft M jhfc£afeUt« Due to the fact that there wara no visitors of any consequence, this feature was unimportant. XT. WOEUC XI FB0RRBS8, Mr. Is H. Hiohols, of tha Yellowatone Park: iJrans- portation Con mxy. rial tad tha parte and brought with him a foreman mechanic on March 6th 9 and em March 16th eeveral mechanics began worlc for this ooa uwy, moving their autonobile repair m\op to new quarters and beginning tha work of over- hauling motor vehicle s on a Urge scale. This work is still In progress and will be until the opening of the park season. ?he Yellowstone ± ark Hotel Compaq? aid nothing oept to get in a few carloads of coal for next Banner's use. She Yellowstone < ark Gamps Company also increased its force at Mammoth Camp, the latter part of arch, and have several man engaged in making improvements in the cesrp, tear- ing down the present tents, dhieh are to be moved to the Lake Gamp, which will be rebuilt this spring, and replacing than with new tents with asbestos tops, and rearranging them to conform to a general plan for a new camp at -6-* Oar shop force was engaged in overhauling trucks and motor oars, keeping in repair those in use for hauling' hay for elk which was quite en item, as the roads were ted and the work was hard on the trucks. The work in the shops was handicapped again by the absence of the shop foreman and one of the mechanics much of the time on account of sickness. ?he stable foreman finished overhauling the harness, and has since been engaged in repairing tents for use in the construction woife in the park* He has made good progress, y bat there is maeh of this m*fk yet to be accomplished, ▼. ;qrk BSOOH. Ho new work was begun durlqr the month, exaert the re >airs of a small frame house at Headquarters to furnish quarters for employees. A snail addition is being built to house a bath tub and toilet which are being: put in by regular employees with but very little additional cost for supplies which were not already on hand. Dhie wortc is still in progress. ?!• FLAH8 Git ^ROPOSKD WOBK. In addition to continuing the work in progress as noted above, it is proposed during April to engage a nail crew and send an engineer and foreman to take charge, to build a timber and stone crib to protect a bridge across Elk Fork I In the East Forest Reserve against high water. ?his work is provided for by a special deficiency appropriation of ^-3000, and it seems desirable to get it done before high water which night destroy the abutments of the bridge* She details of hew this work Is to be accomplished are new being worked out* ▼11. POLICIES. Ho new policies were adopted during the month. ▼III. COST OP QPSRA2IQV* 2he operating costs consisted principally of salaries of regular employees and the costs incident to feed- ing the wild animals, as are shown on the cost reports for March. Shese reports are being mailed to Superintendent Albright at Berkeley, California, for his perusal before they ere transmitted to the Service. $he ranger force made regular patrols for protection of wild animals, patrolled the gams preserve in the State of Men tana located west of the Yellowstone Hirer outside of the park in the Gallatin Forest, and assisted in the care of the buffalo herd. Uheir principal and most important work, hew- -7- ever, consisted to the special core an* foodie of the aUc, deer, antelope and mountain sheep near the northern entrance of the iwlq disposing of tho»e that died* aapertntendUav the capture of those elk that Tiers skipped to other par and rarest and feeding the surplus horse* now being wintered en hay at Headquarter* ♦ Gonaiderrible tima waa alee devoted by the ranger farce assisting the renressatative of the Chee tar-Oat ing Manring Picture Company of 3?ejr Yoi»fr in ftttt) pietrarea of wild animals and the tane buffalo in the vicinity of Head<goartera» Assistant Chief Ranger Smith has been in charge of the special work a* Gardiner aiaee r&rch 20th# Ranger Sfctaaer made good progreaa in hla worfc of collecting data for our library and lauseam, and waa assisted in cataloguing and transcribing of his noted m aniroals and birds lag clerics in the off iee when their services could be spared from other wor&# fhe buffalo loaepcr and hia assistant were engaged in earing for the tsone buffalo herd at the baffalo farm and on Slough CreeSu '£he hay supply wae exhausted on Slough Orotic oa ttartih 25th, and wit* the help of fire ranger a* the steers and balls of the hard that had been fed there were brought in to Headquarters where hap is being fed to ear~7 them through the winter* IX* QSmR UttffiBS OF OTBSBKS^ Wild yalmla * lie the weather which was a lightly more severe than normal in $areh was not especial^* encouraging in vies? of the run derail condition of onr aatms&a, we were able to con- tinue the feeding of hay to the elJc* dear, antelope and mountain aheep in the immediate vicinity of Keadqoarters and Gardiner, and the situation has not as yet become serious. If^wam weather ooaes by the middle of the m^tth so the aafcoals can get subsistence ffeta the raa^e, the less will net be great, and since IgHS 1st the conditions hare been eneouragi:^. During March 185 tons of hay were fed near Gardiner to about 2000 elk, 250 antelope, 300 deer, and 11 mountain sheep* At Eeadquartera 31 tone were fed to about 000 el& and 50 deer. Aa will be noted, the nanfcer rcuainisg on the feed grounds at Headquarters waa abtrat the saiss as for February, but at Gardiner it was only about half the eame namber, as of the stronger animals went hade to the hilla and did net eoraa down again. fluff alft» * llM £££&• £here »ore no report* are ceived of wild buffalo during tslie oonth, and their raqge not vi sited* laffalo* - Jfiffift £§£&» Slioro wre 40? aninals la this herd on March let, and there nee one yaarliqg ball found. dead at the mouth of Blaeitail Deer Creek on Tellowctone Biver during* the month, lowing a total of 4d$ at present, The body and skin were so badly smiled fy* oeyotes as to be worthless. She coes in the laain herd are sho^i?^ eigne of ealriEff MMi rhia herd isi'as divided and art of the© fed at the buffalo farm and part at Slough Creek until ifereh 25th, when the hay was all gone at Slocgfc Oreefc, and the aaimals that had been fed there were tak*n to the farm, where the herd was a&oln divided, sad 127 of the balls and steers were brought to Headquarters where hay that wae in storage for other worfc has einee been fed, Jhls step was necessary i* order to hare the supply of hay at the farm hold oat for the cows and yourif animals which are still boiag fed there* Inhere are new 225 animals at the farm, and the balance of the herd - a few eld Mile - are scattered in various places, naraely 7 bolls at Uower Falls, 6 on Slough Greo&, 15 &lo^» the Yellow- stone River, 3 en Lamar River, and the bal&nee am mostly along the road between Headquarters and the far*. Sane of these were left daring the drive to Mnaaoth, which took tee days dae to deep snour, took the services of the deeper and f5vc rangers, sad proved to be a isost ardnour taa&. One horse had to be killed on account of a broken leg, dire to the deep drifts which were encountered* Xt baa required 7 tons of hay to feed this part of the herd since they were brought it, and 79 tons were fed at Slough Oreeac and the Buffalo Para during the month* Bear tracks were seen at Headquarters on Earch ZZr&+ end two bears sere seen outside of the ?*ar*:, rt&MBt JVmtana. Ho signs of bears have been reported from the upper parfe* ffipf?r« About 280 <L&w were fed during the month, but a&ay did not cone in for hey* loe dead ones were fbund noad the feeding grounds at Oardiaer, and two died near Head- quarters, all apparently from natural causes, Thm deer arc still leoMsg f&irly well, but they, like the eDc, are beginning to shew the effects of the long winter. Antelope. She antelope seemed to be standing the severe winter as well, if not better, than the elk and deer* About 250 were fed, a few still ranged outside of the park near Electric, Montana* One died near Gardiner from natural -9- JHfc. She clic are &>ldii%- their cam fully ad ;wll as *>''iH be ea£>eeted undor thu aevtx v ^ winter ounditioiis of Karc!i f though they are showing the effects of the long hard wist wrffiaftSBl fbod, «*** &amv*tiy speaking they Mi in poor condition a* ooH%)ai>ed winjh dovuml winters, the feeding was fcept up as seemed neeeusar*, in proportion to the nanibei'e that frequented the Yir.inity of the food grounds, with due consideration to the conservation ox nay t&at it might last through the foodie seaeou. |M cona *ere fed at Gardiaer and 31 ton* at Headquarters, ooatly to to* elfc, the racafoer taking the hay varying during *he amtn IMS JU300 to 2BQ0. A total of 49 elk, cows and calves died at the iftomoth feeding grounds during March, ax& 225, also mostly cows and calves, died at the Gardiner feeding grounds, ihoee that re- mained farther up on the range eeemed to have fared better, ae tat fee dead ones are reported, *nis ie probably dae to the fact that ealy the strong oa*« remained shore and net to the su/*ply of formre tfhiek they nave oad« Beports indieate that the Oallatin herd of ells: are wintering veil* Ho reports were reoeived of the southern herd during toe auonth, X sin unofficially inferaed that the proposition of the B< ■• Biological Survey aua the itorest Service to assist in ftwot&m the el* heras in and adjacent to the par it has kMB ^sjo&oned on account of the resignation of ceoe of tne officials tf *• forest Service aad lack oi* sufficient assist- ance to do this extra wortu In the eaee of tin* northern herd, hewwver, it is possible that the rangers of the forest Service wfao have beea eseaged on the apseial wor* of protecting the elk outside of the pari: in the Abaaroka national forest, in cooperation with our park racers, may he able to aa&e a care- ful estimate of the mashers, without going M the exncnse of a a&rafui count* Sfcianaat of ela. ffinaty-eighfc elk, - 10 tails and 8&?ic«JS, - all feiQ and shiree-year-olda, *ore shipped to Jazpe? i-aste, Canada, by the Canadian Oavariraent Paries j)epart- meat an jdU Jsiieven §i uieue died enroate. One male aad one feiaale elk were shi ped by express, erated, to the Agricultural ikeporijacat Station of the atatc, at ooaora, fexas, on Jiartfh £8th, to replace toss that died earoute on their ehipnisat of ?ebraarytaoL i-ws aaale elk «rere shipped to Ssa Antonio, Zens, on March Sod* She advisability of dipping elk so late in the season is questionable, tat is probably warranted under the unusual conditions of this season, as it wa& he the means of saving a few animals that might otherwise dle« Shore are tat one or two possible shipwents in view. Mountain Sheas* Bleven mountain sheep were f*d -10- with the elk In Gardiner Caxyou. "They seem to be In usual good condition. Xgeje.. Ho noose were noted In reports reoelred for the month of Mar*. Hangers Henry Jiderson and Court Dewing pet In moot of their time daring the month hunt- ing oarniworous animals, ueing for the purpose firearms, trepe end poison* Dewing killed 8 coyotes, 1 wolf, end 2 foxes, in the territory en the northeast seetion of the park. Anderson killed 1 eoyoto and eight wolves, (7 of then yens; paps taken from dens) in the Blaoktail District, Ranger Harr killed two coyotes near rower Tails* Bpeolal efforts will be made during April to leeate and destroy a few more woItos that hare been in evidence in the Blaaktail snf Falls districts. g y«f«n»- Grass was noted to>be growing In bare places at the lower altitudes en March 19th 9 but has not grown in sufficient snount to rellere the shortage of forage to any appreciable extent. licit* inter birds were in eridenoe, including ducks, crows, nsgplcs, •*gl«t eparrows. Claries crows and ousels. There are 20 to 90 trorapter swans wintering in the outlet of Yellowstone Lake where there is constantly open water; also 2 wintering en Lewis Hirer near the bridge, and 2 on leehler Iilrer. In addition to those wintering here, new- eeners appeared aa follows: Mallards and rosy finches, March 6th; nutcrackers, isveh 7th* horned larks, March 12th* Birds wintering along the Gardiner Hirer begem to leare winter quarters; dippers, or water ousels, March **; Barrow golden-eye. March 10th. Migratory birds first appeared, intermediate Junoo, Marsh 12th; killdecr plow. March lBth; red-wing blackbird, laareh 13th; pink-sided Junoo, March 19th| ilson snipe, March 20th| also robin; bluebird, March ?lst, fire days later; red-tail hawk, March 51st. Miscellaneous notes on park ani als, indicating seasonal changes: It became noticeable on March 13th that the elk on the feeding grounds were getting fewer. On March 19th, elk horns began to fall freely. Mountain sheep begem to shed their wool, March 15th. On March 12 th, the horn butts on male deer fawns began to swell; and ten days later on the old bucks. March 25th, the last mule deer cast his horns. March 17th, woodohuoks cane out again, after their first appearance on February 5th; ground squirrels appeared on the sens date, the 17th. -11- Sme of those seasonal mrtfmnts ^ero early, but the Majority wer© late. Reckoning from theee data the sea Is tedjtf ton days later than the average* UJ&L* tfishix^ has been good In Gardiner Hirer below the Haanoth Hot Springs, and was enjoyed by residents* P ff^t^atio n of flams* $he usual patrols were aada during the month in the interests of game protection. One ranger patrolled the Gallatin Qmm Preserve adjoining the park on the north* Jnat vest of the Yellowstone Biver. Sorest Baflgere patrolled the Ahsarote Hatienal Forest to movent peaehiug among the elk that are wintering outside of the park* Arrests p pj nekton* of the 1»» Ho arrests were znad*. On two oooasions evidence was noted that indicated that some of the boys lining at Headquarters were asking a practice of hunting elk teeth, art it even looted as if thoy had palled the teeth of elk that were not dead bat about to die, fhey were asssmbled and given a good lecture, and their parents notified that the boys would hare to obey the park rules carefully or suffer the eoaaesaenoes provided by the regulations, and no farther trouble was given by them. So accidents were reported during the a»nth« She following persons visited the park on asocial business* Hiss Elisabeth toisehman, of the Park Curio Stop, and her father, returned to the park on March 10th, from several weeks* absence, A post office inspector visited the park officially on March 11th. Mr, fg II, Klefcols, of the Yellowstone Park 1?rana- portatton Company and Hotel Cowpawy, visited the var* March 3 to 6, and made arrangements for beginning work in the Qonpany's automobile shop* Several meohanies followed on the 16th. -IS- Mr* Howard Hays, of the Yellowstone Park Canada Company, visited tha park in connection with the development work at Manoth Camp am March 16-17, and again en March £3-25, M9*toM - totvurei* She only notion picture representative in the park during the month of liarch was Hr* J* A. Ramsey, representing 1ST. C. 1* Chester , of 120 • 41st St*, Hew York, who oarae in on the 12th and is still here* iKr* Ramsey has bean engaged in getting good motion pictures of wild animals and tha taae buffalo and expects to visit the geyser basins and the grand Canyon soon* Mr* Chestsr f s permit is not Frm picture shows were held weakly, in the Post ftxehange auditorium, for the benefit of park em- ployees ami the residents of Gardiner, the espouses being paid through a cooperative arrangement* Christian Science services were held every Sunday afternoon* Regular church services were omitted during tha month, as tto Rev* Pritcfaard, who supplies them, was on vacation, X* BMBBQPCa AID RB1IITTAOTS8. The usual report of monies collected, due and trans- mitted, on tha regular blank forms, is inclosed herewith, to- Kther with money orders and draft for the amount remitted, - 26*70* i lease acknowledge receipt* Cordially yours, ■m a MMur la ting Superintendent. fhe Director, national i ark Service, Department of the Interior, Washington, D* C* Incloeuresj Moflal -1— Address correspondence to "Official in Charge" U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WEATHER BUREAU Yellowstone Park, T .7yo • , Msxe April 1, 1920. IATHSR CONDITIONS- TH HOT YELLOWS! , WYO. RCH, 1920, ■The most remarkable feature of the month's weather was the cold wave of the 5th- 6th, with a minimum temperature of 25" below zero on the morning of the 6th. This is the lowest March temperature of record during 33 years; the previous lowest, -24" , was recorded in 1906. The temperature as a whole averaged C below normal. The total snowfall was 20.0 inches, or a little more than the average March. There were 17 days with a measui able amount of sonw, and the record shows but one March with a greater number of days with snow, that being 18 days in 1907. The total wind movement was slightly below normal, but maximum velocity of 40 miles per hour recorded on the 30th, has hs± been exceeded but once in March, but it has been equal three times. The sunshine was deficient, being only 45^, of/the possible. E. E. Fletcher, Observer.